Syngonium Aurea Species Profile & Care Guide

The Syngonium Aurea is a vibrant and versatile houseplant beloved by indoor gardeners. It belongs to the Araceae family and is known for its distinctive arrow-shaped leaves.

This plant not only enhances your home’s aesthetics but also thrives with proper care and attention.

Syngonium Aurea

Profile Overview

Before you dive into growing Syngonium Aurea, you should know its basic facts:

  • Common Name: Golden Pothos or Arrowhead Vine
  • Scientific Name: Syngonium podophyllum ‘Aurea’
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin/Native Region: Tropical rain forests of Latin America
  • Growth Habit: Climbing or trailing vine


The Syngonium Aurea is a striking plant with distinctive features that catch your eye. It showcases a range of leaf sizes and shapes, each presenting a unique blend of colors.

The stems also add to the plant’s beauty, supporting the foliage and contributing to its overall size as it matures. The appearance is not just aesthetic but also reflects the plant’s health and growth.

When provided with the right care, the Syngonium Aurea flourishes, showing off its appealing attributes.

Each aspect of its appearance, from the leaf size to the stem characteristics, plays a significant role in making this plant a favored choice for plant enthusiasts.

Leaf Size

The Syngonium Aurea has leaves that vary in size but they usually grow to be quite large for a houseplant. When they are young, the leaves can be smaller and more compact.

As the plant matures, the leaves typically become bigger and can reach a length of several inches. The exact size of the leaves will depend on the plant’s environment and care.

For example, a Syngonium Aurea with plenty of light and the right amount of water is likely to have larger leaves compared to one in less ideal conditions.

Therefore, proper care is key to promoting healthy growth and achieving impressive leaf size.

Leaf Shape

The Syngonium Aurea has leaves of a distinct shape that sets it apart from other houseplants. The leaves begin as arrow-shaped when they first grow.

As the plant matures, leaves develop lobes and look more like several connected hearts. This change gives them a more complex appearance, which is quite attractive.

The leaf shape is an important feature because it can tell you how old the plant is and its growth stage. Young plants have simpler leaves, while older ones show more intricate shapes.

This transformation in leaf shape is natural and shows the plant’s healthy development.

Leaf Color

The leaf color of the Syngonium Aurea is quite striking. Typically, the leaves display a rich green color with notable yellow or golden patches.

These patches can vary in size and shape, adding to the plant’s unique appeal. As the leaves mature, the intensity and distribution of the yellow or golden areas can increase, creating a more vibrant visual effect.

This color variation is what makes the Syngonium Aurea stand out among other houseplants and is a key feature in its identification.

Stem Characteristics

The stem is the part of the Syngonium Aurea plant that holds up the leaves. It has a unique feature: as the plant grows, the stem gets longer and can start to climb or trail.

Think of the stem like a sturdy branch or vine that the leaves shoot out from. Unlike some plants with thick, woody stems, the Syngonium Aurea’s stem is usually softer and more flexible.

When you look at the stem, you may also notice that it has nodes; these are little bumps where new leaves and roots can grow from.

If you want your Syngonium Aurea to climb, providing it with a pole or support can help the stem grow upward.

Mature Size

The mature size of a plant describes how big it will grow when it’s fully developed. For the Syngonium Aurea, this means the size it reaches after growing for several years under proper care.

This plant usually becomes medium-sized, which is neither too small nor too big for indoor spaces.

As it ages, the Syngonium Aurea will spread out with its leaves reaching out from the central stem, creating an attractive display that fits comfortably in most home environments.

Care Requirements

To keep your Syngonium Aurea healthy and thriving, you need to know the right way to take care of it. Just like you have certain needs to feel good, like eating right and staying warm, your plant has needs too.

The care requirements for this plant include how much sun it likes, how often it needs water, and what kind of air it prefers. You also have to consider the temperature that makes it happy and the sort of soil that will help it grow best.

Understanding these care requirements means you’ll be better at making sure your Syngonium Aurea does well in your home or garden.

Light Needs

The Syngonium Aurea thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sun can harm its leaves. If you keep it indoors, place it near a window with a sheer curtain.

This setup gives the plant enough light without the harsh sun. Too little light can make the leaves grow slower and lose their vibrant color.

A north or east-facing window is often a good spot for this plant. If it’s in a darker area, you might need a grow light. This type of light mimics sunlight and helps the plant stay healthy.

Remember, the right light is key for a happy Syngonium Aurea.

Watering Frequency

Watering frequency tells you how often you need to give your plant water. For the Syngonium Aurea, you need to water it when the top inch of the soil feels dry.

This usually means watering it once a week, but this can change with different weather and seasons. If it’s hotter, the plant may need water more often.

It’s important not to over-water, as this can harm the roots. Check the soil first, and if it’s still moist, wait a little longer before watering. This method helps keep your plant healthy.

Humidity Preferences

Syngonium Aurea loves a humid environment. This means it needs air that is a bit wet, like the air in a tropical forest where it comes from.

To keep your plant happy, you should aim for the humidity level to be between 60% and 80%. If you live in a drier place, you can increase the humidity around the plant.

You can do this by using a small humidifier, placing a tray of water near the plant, or frequently misting it with water.

These methods will give the Syngonium Aurea the moisture it craves and help it grow well.

Temperature Range

The temperature range refers to the span of temperatures a Syngonium Aurea plant can grow well in. This plant likes warmth and does best in environments that are consistently between 60°F and 85°F (15°C to 29°C).

If the temperature drops below 50°F (10°C), the plant may suffer and stop growing. It’s important to keep the Syngonium Aurea away from cold drafts and extreme heat to ensure healthy growth.

Therefore, when selecting the perfect spot for your plant, think about places that stay warm all year round.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

Syngonium Aurea plants thrive in soil that holds moisture but also drains well. They like their soil to be somewhat airy, so it’s best to have a mix that contains peat, perlite, or pine bark.

This mix helps keep the roots healthy by providing good air flow and preventing them from sitting in water. For pH, they prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil.

Aim for a pH range between about 5.5 to 7.0. If the soil is too alkaline, the leaves might not be as vibrant. Therefore, the right soil mix and pH balance are crucial for the health and beauty of your Syngonium Aurea.

Growth & Propagation

Growth and propagation describe how a plant increases in size and creates new plants. The Syngonium Aurea grows at a speed that is noticeable but not too fast.

You can create new Syngonium Aurea plants with methods like cutting off a piece of the stem that has a leaf and placing it in water or soil.

This plant mainly grows more during the warmer seasons, like spring and summer. When the plant gets bigger, you may need to move it to a larger pot to give the roots more room.

As the Syngonium Aurea grows, you’ll see it develop and change, offering a rewarding experience as you care for it.

Growth Rate

The growth rate of a plant tells you how fast it grows over a certain period. For the Syngonium Aurea, the growth rate is moderate, meaning it doesn’t shoot up super quickly, but it isn’t slow either.

Generally, with the right care, you’ll notice new leaves and stems developing over weeks and months.

The speed at which this plant grows can vary depending on factors such as the amount of light it gets, the watering schedule you follow, and the overall environment it’s in.

If you provide what it needs, your Syngonium Aurea will grow steadily and fill out its space nicely.

Propagation Methods

Propagation is how you create new plants from an existing one. For the Syngonium Aurea, you have a couple of easy ways to do this. You can cut off a piece of stem that has at least one leaf and a few root nodes.

Then, you can place this stem cutting either in water or directly into the soil. If you choose water, you’ll see roots grow after a few weeks.

Once these roots are long enough, often a couple of inches, you can plant the cutting in soil. This method lets you multiply your Syngonium Aurea and expand your plant collection or share it with friends.

Season of Active Growth

The season of active growth for the Syngonium Aurea is when the plant grows the most. This usually happens during the warmer months, from spring to early fall.

During this time, the plant produces new leaves and stems. The Syngonium Aurea needs more water and food to help it grow. When the weather gets cooler, the growth will slow down.

This is normal, and it means the plant is taking a rest before the next growing season.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

When your Syngonium Aurea plant outgrows its pot, it needs a new home. Choose a pot that’s slightly bigger than the current one, with drainage holes.

Use fresh potting soil that drains well. Gently remove the plant, untangle any crowded roots, and place it in the center of the new pot.

Fill the space with soil, but don’t pack it too tight. Water the plant to help it settle in. Repot your Syngonium every couple of years to keep it healthy.

Potential Issues

When growing a Syngonium Aurea, you may face some challenges. These can include problems with pests like tiny insects that harm your plant.

You may also deal with diseases that cause the leaves to look unwell or change color. Furthermore, the Syngonium Aurea could show signs of discomfort if its environment doesn’t meet its needs.

These issues can slow down the growth of your plant or even damage it. However, with the right care and prompt treatment, you can often overcome these problems and keep your plant healthy.

Common Pests

Syngonium Aurea plants sometimes face attacks from bugs that harm them. These bugs are known as pests. They can harm your plant by eating the leaves or sucking out the plant’s sap.

The most common pests you might see include:

  • Spider mites: tiny bugs that weave webs on the plant.
  • Mealybugs: small, white bugs that look like cotton.
  • Aphids: little green or black bugs that stick to the leaves or stems.

To keep your plant healthy, check it often for these pests. If you find any, you can usually wash them off with water or use insecticidal soap.

Common Diseases

Syngonium Aurea plants can get sick, just like people do. They might catch a disease which affects their health and appearance.

Here are some illnesses that can affect your plant:

  • Root Rot: This happens if the plant sits in too much water.
  • Leaf Spot: Small brown or black spots show up on the leaves.
  • Powdery Mildew: It looks like white or gray powder on leaves.

These diseases can spread through dirty tools, contaminated soil, or infected water. Therefore, keeping your Syngonium Aurea clean and dry helps it stay healthy. If you see signs of disease, act fast to stop it from getting worse.

Other Sensitivities

Syngonium Aurea is sensitive to a few conditions that can harm its growth or looks. These sensitivities mean you should watch out for things that can stress your plant.

For example, it doesn’t like too much direct sunlight, which can burn its leaves. Also, it’s sensitive to drafty areas or sudden changes in temperature. Keep your plant in a spot with stable conditions to avoid stressing it.

Lastly, be careful with the water you use—tap water with a lot of chemicals might hurt your plant over time. Using filtered or rainwater can be a better choice to keep your Syngonium Aurea healthy.

Special Features & Uses

The Syngonium Aurea has unique traits that make it stand out. It can brighten up your room with its striking leaves that change color. You can use it to decorate your home or office.

People often grow it in pots or hanging baskets for a lush look. However, this plant is toxic if eaten, so you need to keep it away from pets and little kids.

Its climbing habit means you might offer it a trellis or pole for support. That way, you can enjoy how it grows up and brings a touch of nature indoors.

Unique Characteristics

Syngonium Aurea stands out because of its leaves that change shape as they grow. As a young plant, its leaves are heart-shaped, but they develop into a more complex, lobed form in adulthood.

Moreover, its interesting leaf color, which features splotches of yellow or gold (aurea), adds a special visual appeal. These distinctive traits make the Syngonium Aurea a favorite among plant enthusiasts.

Decorative Use

The Syngonium Aurea brightens up any room with its unique leaves. People often use this plant to add a splash of green to their indoor spaces.

You can place it on shelves, desks, or hang it in baskets. The plant has a trailing nature, which means it can grow down the sides of pots or climb up supports.

This adds an interesting look to your home or office. Therefore, the Syngonium Aurea works well as a decorative plant because of its versatility and striking appearance.

It’s not just a plant; it’s a natural piece of art for your space.


Toxicity refers to how poisonous a plant is. In this case, Syngonium Aurea, like other Syngonium species, contains a type of sap that can be harmful.

If someone eats part of the plant, they might feel sick. This is especially important to know for those who have pets or small children.

The plant’s sap can also irritate the skin, so it’s best to wear gloves when handling it. Always wash your hands after touching the plant to prevent any irritation or accidental ingestion.

Additional Tips & Tricks

When caring for your Syngonium Aurea, keep in mind a few extra tips to help it thrive. First, when you fertilize, choose a balanced liquid fertilizer and apply it about once a month during the growing season, which is spring through summer.

Pruning dead or yellow leaves helps the plant maintain its shape and health. Finally, consider using a moss pole or other support structures as your plant grows taller.

These steps will improve the health and appearance of your Syngonium Aurea.

Fertilization Recommendations

Fertilizing your Syngonium Aurea means giving it special plant food to help it grow strong and healthy. Think of fertilizer like a vitamin for your plant.

You should feed your Syngonium with a balanced liquid fertilizer every four to six weeks during the growing season, which is spring and summer.

However, during fall and winter, you don’t need to fertilize as much because the plant grows more slowly. Always read the instructions on the fertilizer package so you don’t give your plant too much; a little goes a long way.

Remember to water your plant after applying the fertilizer to help spread the nutrients into the soil.

Pruning & Maintenance

Pruning means trimming the plant to keep it healthy and looking good. You should remove yellow or damaged leaves from your Syngonium Aurea.

This encourages new growth and improves airflow. Maintenance includes checking the soil to make sure it is not too dry or too wet. Turn the pot regularly so each side gets light and grows evenly.

Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust. This helps the plant absorb more light. Remember not to over-prune, as this can stress the plant.

Keep your tools clean to prevent spreading diseases. Keep an eye on your plant’s appearance, and with regular care, it will thrive.

Support Structures

Support structures are items that help plants like the Syngonium Aurea grow upright and healthy. These can be stakes, trellises, or even a piece of furniture that the plant can climb on.

As the Syngonium Aurea grows, it might start to droop or spread out too much; this is when a support structure comes handy. It gives the plant something to lean on or wrap around.

They don’t have to be fancy; sometimes a simple stick in the soil works just fine. With the right support, the plant can focus on growing bigger and stronger.

Syngonium   Updated: November 20, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
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