Syngonium Erythrophyllum Species Profile & Care Guide

Syngonium Erythrophyllum is a tropical plant known for its unique and attractive foliage. It belongs to the Araceae family, with origins in the dense rainforests of Latin America.

This species adapts well to indoor conditions, making it a popular choice for houseplant enthusiasts.

Profile Overview

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum is a unique plant with specific features. Here’s a simple list that tells you more about it:

  • Common Name: Red Arrow
  • Scientific Name: Syngonium Erythrophyllum
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin/Native Region: Central and South America
  • Growth Habit: Climbing or trailing vine


The Syngonium Erythrophyllum is a plant with a distinct look. It features leaves and stems that make it stand out among other indoor plants.

The leaves of this plant can vary in size and shape, but they all share a striking color pattern.

The stems support the leaves and contribute to the plant’s overall structure. When this plant matures, it achieves a size that makes it an impressive addition to any room.

Each feature of the Syngonium Erythrophyllum adds to its unique beauty and helps to identify the species.

Leaf Size

The leaf size of the Syngonium Erythrophyllum is quite moderate compared to other houseplants. Each leaf can grow to be around 5 to 10 inches long.

This means the leaves are not too small or too large, making them perfect for indoor settings. When the plant is young, the leaves might be smaller.

As it grows, the leaves gradually become larger, showing off their full beauty and detailed patterns. You’ll notice the leaves expanding as the plant matures, which adds to its decorative appeal.

Leaf Shape

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum has leaves that change shape as they grow. Young leaves often start like arrowheads. As the plant matures, the leaves can develop lobes, looking more complex and sometimes palm-like.

These varying shapes add interest and beauty to the plant’s overall appearance.

Leaf Color

The color of a Syngonium Erythrophyllum leaf is a mix of green and red. The front side of the leaf typically has dark green hues. These shades of green can vary, from deep to lighter tones.

Meanwhile, the back side of the leaf often shows off a rich, red color. This red isn’t bright like a stop sign, but more of a subtle, earthy shade.

The combination of colors provides a striking contrast that makes this plant stand out among others. It’s this unique leaf color that helps to identify the Syngonium Erythrophyllum and gives it a special appeal for plant lovers.

Stem Characteristics

The stem of a Syngonium Erythrophyllum is like its backbone. It’s typically green and might have a bit of a reddish tinge. This stem grows upright at first. As it gets longer, it starts to trail or climb.

It’s somewhat thick and sturdy, allowing it to support the leaves. The stem’s surface can seem a bit rough, with noticeable nodes. At these nodes, you’ll often find new leaves shooting out.

Mature Size

The mature size of a plant tells us how big it gets when it’s fully grown. For the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, it typically reaches a certain height and spreads out to a certain width.

This size can vary depending on how you care for it and its environment. Because it’s a climbing plant, providing support can help it grow taller. Without support, it might spread out more or stay smaller.

Knowing the mature size helps you decide where to place the plant in your home or garden. It also helps you understand how much space you need to leave around it for proper growth.

Care Requirements

Caring for a Syngonium Erythrophyllum means providing what the plant needs to live and grow. This includes the right amount of light, water, and the best environment in terms of humidity and temperature.

You also need to put it in soil that it likes, which should have a certain level of acidity or alkalinity, known as pH. Think of care requirements as a set of instructions to keep your plant happy and healthy.

Each requirement is important because plants, like people, have preferences and needs that help them thrive. Now, let’s look at each need one by one.

Light Needs

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum needs bright, indirect light to grow well. This means you should place it where sunlight spreads evenly but doesn’t shine directly on it.

For example, near a window with a sheer curtain would be a good spot. If the plant gets too much direct sunlight, its leaves can burn.

However, if it’s too dark, the plant might grow slowly or not at all. Therefore, it’s important to find just the right spot where your plant gets plenty of light without being under the harsh sun.

Watering Frequency

Watering frequency means how often you give water to your plant. For the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, it thrives when the soil stays slightly moist.

However, it’s important to let the top inch of soil dry out before watering again. This usually means watering the plant once a week, but the schedule can change depending on the season and how dry your home is.

Too much water can hurt the plant, so make sure not to over-water it. Always check the soil moisture before adding more water.

Humidity Preferences

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum plant likes moist air around it. This means it needs a higher level of humidity than some other plants. It thrives when the humidity is around 60% to 80%.

To give the plant what it likes, you can spray water around it or use a humidifier. If the air is too dry, the leaves may turn brown and crispy.

Placing the plant in a bathroom with a shower can also help, as the steam from the shower adds moisture to the air. Remember that this plant enjoys a humid environment, just like its natural tropical habitat.

Temperature Range

The temperature range is the span of temperatures in which the Syngonium Erythrophyllum can thrive. This plant prefers warm conditions typical of its native tropical environment.

It does well in temperatures between 60°F and 85°F (15°C to 29°C). If the temperature falls below 50°F (10°C), your plant might suffer and show signs of stress.

So, it’s important to keep it away from cold drafts and extreme heat sources. During the winter, you should be especially careful to maintain a steady, comfortable temperature for your plant.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

Syngonium Erythrophyllum thrives in a specific type of soil. The soil you use should be well-draining, which means it lets water run through it without holding too much.

This prevents the roots from sitting in water and possibly rotting. A mix of peat, perlite, and regular potting soil usually works well.

Aim for soil with a pH that is slightly acidic to neutral; this pH range is from about 5.5 to 7.0. Testing your soil’s pH can be done with a simple test kit from a garden store.

If the pH is not within this range, the plant may not grow as well as it could.

Growth & Propagation

Growth and propagation are like a plant’s way of getting bigger and making copies of itself. The Syngonium Erythrophyllum spreads its leaves and stems as it grows, becoming fuller and taller.

You help it grow by giving it what it needs, like the right amount of water and light. When you propagate the plant, you create new little plants from parts of the older one.

This can be done by cutting bits of the stem or leaves and planting them. For example, you might snip a stem and put it in water until it grows roots, then plant it in soil.

Propagation is a cool way to get more plants without buying them.

Growth Rate

The growth rate of a plant tells us how fast it grows. Syngonium Erythrophyllum generally has a moderate growth rate. This means it does not grow very slow or very fast.

In the right conditions, you might notice new leaves coming in regularly during its growing season, which is spring through summer.

To keep this growth rate steady, your plant needs proper care, like the right amount of light and water.

If your Syngonium Erythrophyllum is not growing as expected, it might not be getting what it needs, or it could be in a dormant period, usually in the colder months.

Propagation Methods

Propagation is how you create new plants from an existing one. With the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, you can do this in a few ways.

Cuttings are the most common method; you snip a stem just below a node, where leaves shoot out, and place it in water or soil to grow roots.

Another way is by division; this means you carefully separate the plant into smaller parts, each with its own roots, and plant them separately.

These methods let you multiply your collection or share with friends. Remember, new plants need time and care to grow strong.

Season of Active Growth

The season of active growth for Syngonium Erythrophyllum is when the plant grows most. During this time, it makes new leaves and gets bigger.

For the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, this season is usually in the spring and summer. That’s when there’s more sunlight and warmth, which the plant needs to grow.

When this period starts, you’ll notice your plant will need more water and care. Therefore, it’s important to pay extra attention to your Syngonium Erythrophyllum during these warmer months.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

Potting and repotting are how you give your Syngonium Erythrophyllum a fresh home when it needs one. Choose a pot that is slightly larger than the current one, as too much space can lead to water not reaching the roots well.

Use a pot with a drainage hole to avoid excess water. You should repot your plant every couple of years or when you see roots coming out of the drainage hole.

The best time to repot is during the spring, which is the start of its growing season. When repotting, gently remove your plant, place it in the new pot, and fill around it with suitable soil.

Potential Issues

In taking care of Syngonium erythrophyllum, you might face some challenges. These are called potential issues. They include problems like pests which are tiny bugs that can harm your plant.

There are also diseases that can make your plant’s leaves turn yellow or brown. Other sensitivities could be things like not reacting well to too much sunlight or the wrong kind of water.

It’s important to know about these issues so you can keep your plant healthy and looking great.

Common Pests

Common pests are unwelcome insects that may attack your Syngonium Erythrophyllum. These bugs can harm the plant by eating its leaves or sucking its sap.

Some of the usual pests you might deal with include aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs. Aphids are tiny and can be green, black, or white. They often gather on the undersides of leaves.

Spider mites are so small you might need a magnifying glass to see them, and they can spin fine webs on the plant. Mealybugs look like small white cottony spots on the leaves and stems.

These pests can stress your plant and affect its growth, so it’s important to keep an eye out for them.

Common Diseases

When your Syngonium Erythrophyllum gets sick, it can be due to various diseases. Root rot is one of them, which happens when the soil stays too wet for too long.

Another problem might be leaf spot, where you see brown or black spots on the leaves. Fungal infections are also common and can spread if the air around your plant doesn’t move much.

To keep your plant healthy, make sure not too water too much and provide good air circulation. If you spot any disease, act quickly to treat your plant.

Other Sensitivities

Other sensitivities refer to how the Syngonium Erythrophyllum reacts to things in its environment that aren’t bugs or diseases. These might include not liking tap water with chemicals in it or getting scorched if the sunlight is too bright.

The plant could also be sensitive to being moved around frequently or reacting poorly to drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Paying attention to these sensitivities means your plant will grow well and stay healthy.

It’s like knowing what makes a friend unhappy and avoiding those things to keep them in good spirits.

Special Features & Uses

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum stands out due to its unique traits and various applications. For example, it has a distinctive leaf color that adds visual interest to any space.

People often use this plant to decorate their homes or offices because of its beauty. This species is also known for its ability to purify the air, making it a healthy choice for indoor environments.

However, be careful where you place it, as the plant is toxic if ingested. Therefore, always keep it out of reach of pets and small children.

Despite this, its easy-care nature and ornamental value make it a popular choice among plant enthusiasts.

Unique Characteristics

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum stands out for its distinctive features. Each leaf is like a work of art, with deep green hues and a shiny surface that can appear almost metallic in the right light.

The backs of the leaves surprise with a reddish-pink color, which is how it got its name, “erythrophyllum,” meaning “red leaf” in Latin. These leaves can change shape as the plant matures, starting out heart-shaped and becoming more arrow-like over time.

This adaptability in shape is quite rare among houseplants. Another notable trait is its climbing growth habit—given a pole or trellis, the Syngonium Erythrophyllum will eagerly climb, showcasing its beautiful foliage more prominently.

Decorative Use

The Syngonium Erythrophyllum makes an excellent choice for decorating your home or office. With its attractive leaves, it adds a touch of nature to any space.

You can place it in hanging baskets, where its leaves will cascade beautifully. Or, you can set it on a shelf or desk to brighten up the area.

Sometimes, people use it creatively in terrariums, allowing it to grow alongside other plants.

Therefore, this plant not only brings greenery into your surroundings but also helps in creating a more pleasant and lively environment.


Toxicity tells us if a plant is harmful to people or pets when they touch or eat it. The Syngonium Erythrophyllum can be toxic when parts of the plant are eaten.

It contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and burning in the mouth, throat, and stomach. After eating the plant, symptoms like drooling, vomiting, and difficulty in swallowing can occur.

Therefore, it’s important to keep this plant out of reach of small children and pets, like cats and dogs, to prevent accidental eating. If someone does eat part of the plant, they should get medical help right away.

Additional Tips & Tricks

When you care for a Syngonium Erythrophyllum, think of it as a friend that needs your help to grow. Imagine you’re guiding it, like a mentor, to be healthy and strong.

It’s like learning the secrets to a game that help you win. For the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, these secrets include feeding it with the right fertilizer, keeping its leaves clean, and giving it a hand to climb, just like you would grab a ladder to reach something high.

These little steps make a big difference in helping your plant thrive.

Fertilization Recommendations

To keep your Syngonium Erythrophyllum healthy, you need to feed it with fertilizer. Think of fertilizer as vitamins for your plant. Just like you need good food to grow, your plant needs nutrients to grow new leaves and roots.

Use a liquid houseplant fertilizer every month during the spring and summer. This is when your plant is growing the most. Don’t fertilize in the fall and winter because that’s when your plant rests.

Too much food can harm your plant, so follow the instructions on the fertilizer’s label. If you are ever unsure, it’s better to give less than too much.

Pruning & Maintenance

Pruning means cutting off parts of the plant to help it grow better and stay healthy. For your Syngonium Erythrophyllum, you should remove dead or yellow leaves.

This keeps the plant looking nice and can prevent pests and diseases. It’s also important to cut back any long vines to control the plant’s shape and size.

You can use a pair of clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears to do this. Regularly check your plant for any unhealthy parts to cut.

This maintenance helps your Syngonium Erythrophyllum thrive and look its best.

Support Structures

Support structures help plants stand up and grow in the desired direction. For the Syngonium Erythrophyllum, which climbs and sprawls as it matures, a structure like a moss pole or trellis works best.

You attach the plant to this support gently with ties. As the plant grows, it wraps around the structure. This mimics how the plant would climb trees in its natural habitat.

The support also lets the plant get more light and air, which keeps it healthy. It’s important to choose a support that’s tall and sturdy enough for the plant as it gets bigger.

Syngonium   Updated: November 20, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *