Selloum Philodendron Species Profile & Care Guide

The Selloum Philodendron, a prevalent houseplant, brings a touch of the tropical rainforest into your home with its lushly-green, glossy leaves.

Its uncomplicated care needs combined with a visually appealing appearance have helped promote its enduring popularity among both novice and experienced gardeners.

This article provides a comprehensive guide to the Selloum Philodendron’s species profile and care tips.

Selloum Philodendron

Profile Overview

A Selloum Philodendron, alternatively known as Philodendron bipinnatifidum, is a tropical plant indigenous to South America. Following is an overview of its profile:

  • Common Name: Selloum Philodendron
  • Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin/Native Region: South America
  • Growth Habit: Large, evergreen, shiny foliage with spathes of white flowers developing under optimal conditions

The Selloum Philodendron is part of the Araceae family and grows primarily in warm, tropical climates with its origin being South America.

It is known for its large, glossy leaves and potential white flower growth, given ideal conditions.


The Selloum Philodendron is famed for its imposing and ornamental appearance. The highlights of its look are indeed the broad, glossy, deeply lobed leaves that give the plant a lush, elegant feel.

From the central stem, these sprawling leaves billow out, creating an enchanting umbrella effect. When well-cared for, this plant can grow to a substantial size, making it a standout in any indoor plant collection.

The plant’s overall appearance can be described as tropical with a touch of antiquity that can add a captivating charm and elegance to any home or garden space it graces.

Leaf Size

The Selloum Philodendron, an impressive evergreen species, is esteemed for its large, showy leaves. Generally, the leaf size can range from 12 to 36 inches in both length and width, but mature plants may even demonstrate larger leaves.

This leaf size contributes significantly to the plant’s grandeur and aesthetic appeal. The expansive foliage embellishes the overall appearance and helps the plant capture adequate light, essential for its survival and growth.

When tending to your Selloum Philodendron, ensure you provide enough space to accommodate the spread of these large leaves. A suitable location will ensure optimal growth and leaf development.

Leaf Shape

The leaf of your Selloum Philodendron has its charm in its shape. It’s a large, lobed variety, reminiscent of an oak leaf, crossed with the complexity of a jungle fern.

They’re shaped like broad paddle-like ovals but deeply segmented along the edges, with the margins undulated or ‘wavy.’ This intricate silhouette is stunning, making each leaf a spectacle within itself.

This unique leaf shape, coupled with a glossy surface, gives the Selloum Philodendron an appealing and exotic appearance, which makes it a popular choice among plant lovers.

The leaf structure adds an intriguing visual texture to indoor or outdoor landscapes.

Leaf Color

The Selloum Philodendron is well-known for its lush, deeply-lobed leaves that are vivid and dark green in color. These leaves add a vibrant touch of tropical feel to any indoor space.

One notable characteristic is that, in their juvenile stage, leaves are a brighter shade of green, which eventually matures into a darker, glossier, forest-green tone as they grow.

This distinct color does an excellent job in showcasing the intricate vein pattern on each leaf, adding to the plant’s overall beauty.

Note that lackluster or yellowing leaves can be a sign of inadequate care conditions.

Stem Characteristics

The Selloum Philodendron is known for its distinctly hearty and robust stems. As a semi-woody shrub, the plant’s stem grows upright and is thick, providing strong support for the substantial foliage.

The stems are typically filled with aerial roots and have a mid-green color that complements the lush leaves. As the plant matures, the stems might grow more pronounced aerial roots.

Note that the thick, sturdy stem characterizes the resilience of the Selloum Philodendron, allowing it to comfortably make do with different environmental conditions.

Notably, the stems contribute significantly to the plant’s overall architectural appeal.

Mature Size

The Selloum Philodendron can grow impressively large, making it a striking addition to your indoor or outdoor garden.

This plant can reach a height of up to 5 feet indoors, but if allowed to grow in an outdoor environment, it can ascend to a whopping 15 feet.

Its spread is typically about the same as its height. The mature size of this plant depends greatly on its growing conditions, but with proper care, it can become an impressive specimen plant.

It is important to consider space requirements before investing in a Selloum Philodendron due to its potential for substantial growth.

Care Requirements

When it comes to caring for your Selloum Philodendron, understanding its specific needs can create the right environment for the plant to thrive.

The key aspects of the Selloum Philodendron’s care involve meeting its light and water requirements, maintaining the appropriate humidity and temperature levels, and using the correct soil type with a particular pH preference.

These essentials aspects of care are laid out in detail, providing you with the knowledge to keep your Selloum Philodendron healthy and vibrant.

Each factor plays a pivotal role to ensure plant sustainability, natural growth and avoid common issues such as diseases and pests.

Light Needs

The Selloum Philodendron is a species that in its natural environment craves the shaded understory of the forest, which means it’s ideally suited to places in your home which does not get direct sunlight.

However, this doesn’t mean it thrives in complete darkness. It does best in medium or filtered light. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while insufficient light may result in a lanky plant with leaves spaced far apart.

Essentially, the Selloum Philodendron needs lots of light, but not direct sunlight. Certainly, it’s quite adaptable to varying light conditions, making it a versatile addition to your indoor greenery.

Watering Frequency

The Selloum Philodendron is not a drought-tolerant plant and it requires regular watering to maintain a rich, green appearance. It likes moist but not soggy soil.

To achieve this balance, water the plant thoroughly until the water drains from the bottom, then don’t water again until the top inch of the soil feels slightly dry. In a typical indoor setting, this could mean watering once a week.

However, remember that watering frequency may vary depending on your specific environment, including humidity, light exposure, and room temperature.

Always check the soil before watering to prevent overwatering which can cause root rot.

Humidity Preferences

Selloum Philodendron plants thrive in a humid environment. Creating a humid atmosphere around your plant is beneficial and promotes healthy and robust growth.

A simple way to achieve this is by placing your Selloum Philodendron in a well-lit bathroom or kitchen where it will naturally encounter higher humidity.

Alternatively, you can mist your plant’s leaves with water a few times a week. In addition to providing humidity, this practice helps to keep the leaves clean and dust-free.

For best results, ensure your Selloum Philodendron experiences a humidity level of 50-60% for optimal growth. Always be vigilant to avoid extreme humidity fluctuations as these can stress your plant.

Temperature Range

The Selloum Philodendron species is native to the tropical regions of Brazil, so it’s no surprise that it favors warmer climates. Ideally, the temperature for growing this plant should be between 65°F (18°C) and 85°F (29°C).

It can, however, tolerate temperatures as low as 60°F (16°C) but growth may be slowed. Prolonged exposure to temperatures below this can lead to damage or death of the plant.

Your Selloum Philodendron will appreciate if you keep it away from drafts, cold windows, and heating vents. This tropical species doesn’t do well in dramatic temperature swings.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

Selloum Philodendrons thrive best in a well-draining soil mix. They prefer peat-based potting soils that are rich in organic matter. An ideal potting mix would be a blend of peat, perlite, and organic compost.

As for pH, these plants are fairly adaptable, but they tend to prefer slightly acidic to neutral pH levels, in the range of 6.0 to 7.0. If the soil is too alkaline, it can hinder the plant’s ability to absorb some necessary nutrients.

Always make sure the soil is well-draining to avoid issues with waterlogged roots.

Growth & Propagation

The Selloum Philodendron reflects a moderate growth rate. It can easily adapt to many different conditions, but yields optimal growth when provided with proper care and a conducive environment.

The propagation of this plant is typically done either by dividing the root-ball or using stem cuttings. The most active growth period for the Selloum Philodendron is during spring and summer.

Regular repotting helps the plant to get access to fresh soil and promotes its growth. There are specific methods for both potting and repotting that you must adhere to for best results.

In the following sections, we will get into the details of each of these aspects.

Growth Rate

The Selloum Philodendron displays a moderate growth rate under ideal conditions. This tropical plant may take several years to fully mature and reach its maximum height.

However, its growth can be significantly influenced by several factors such as light exposure, humidity, and watering frequency.

For optimal growth, it’s recommended that you provide this species with plenty of bright, indirect light, regular watering, and maintain it in high humidity.

With proper care, this Philodendron will send out new leaves regularly, particularly during its active growth phase which is typically during the warmer months. Remember that this is a slow-growing plant that requires patience.

Propagation Methods

When it comes to propagating your Selloum Philodendron, there are a few processes you can consider. The most popular method is stem cuttings – simply cut a piece of stem with at least two joints, place it in a water-filled jar and wait for roots to appear before planting.

Alternatively, you can utilize air layering – a propagation method where a small incision is made in a healthy stem, wrapped with damp moss and covered securely.

Once new roots develop from the incision point, the new plant can be cut off and planted. Either method could give you a healthy new Selloum Philodendron with proper care.

Season of Active Growth

For the Selloum Philodendron, the season of active growth typically occurs during the warmer months of spring and summer.

This is when environmental conditions foster optimum growth and the plant will develop new leaves and stems, while enhancing its overall size and appearance.

During active growth, this plant requires more water and nutrients to bolster its growth rate. The soil must be kept humid but not waterlogged.

Cessation of active growth is usually signaled by the onset of fall, and it is vital to lower watering frequency and quantity during this period. Understanding your philodendron’s active growth season is crucial for its optimal care.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

The Selloum Philodendron is known to develop a deep root system, which requires a wider pot instead of a deeper one. When potting for the first time, opt for a well-draining soil mixture and a pot that has numerous drainage holes.

As for repotting, you should aim to replant your Philodendron every 2 to 3 years. During repotting, examine the roots. If they’re coiled or cluttered, it’s surely time for a larger pot.

Spring is the optimal time for repotting Philodendrons as they can reap the benefits of a full growing season to settle into their new home.

Potential Issues

While the Selloum Philodendron proves to be a resilient houseplant, it can still face a few potential issues. It’s essential for you to keep an eye out for common pests and diseases pelting your favorite Philodendron.

Besides, other sensitivities, such as exposure to intense sunlight or low temperatures, can affect its well-being. By learning about these potential issues, you can quickly initiate corrective measures, ensuring your plant remains healthy and continues to enhance the interior decor.

In the following sections, we’ll delve into the common pests, diseases, and other sensitivities that Selloum Philodendrons may face.

Common Pests

Selloum Philodendrons are generally resistant to pests, but they’re not immune. They can sometimes become infested with common houseplant pests like aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites.

Aphids are small insects that suck the sap from the leaves, causing them to curl and yellow. Mealybugs resemble tiny cottony masses and also cause leaf curling. They are usually found on the undersides of leaves.

Spider mites appear as tiny dots and can cause leaf yellowing and drop due to their feeding. A strong water blast or insecticidal soap can be used to manage these pests.

Regular inspection helps to catch infestations early, making treatments more effective.

Common Diseases

Selloum Philodendron can be susceptible to a variety of diseases that can have a negative impact on its health and growth. The most common diseases that affect this plant species are root rot, leaf spot, and blight, typically caused by overwatering or poor drainage.

Root rot leads to black, mushy, unhealthy roots that can eventually kill the plant. Leaf spots appear as brown or black wet spots on the leaves. Blight can be identified by wilting, browning, and drying of leaf tips.

Immediate treatment is necessary using appropriate fungicides and ensuring proper care and maintenance practices are followed to prevent recurrence.

Other Sensitivities

Selloum Philodendrons are generally low-maintenance and hardy plants. However, aside from pests and diseases, they do have certain sensitivities to be aware of.

One primary sensitivity is to drafts and cold air. Placing your Selloum Philodendron near an air vent or opening your windows during cold weather can cause the leaves to become damaged.

Another sensitivity is to direct sunlight; while they enjoy plenty of light, direct sunlight can scorch their leaves.

Also, being over-watered or left in waterlogged soil may lead to root rot. As indoor plants, they’re also sensitive to a sudden change in their environment, like temperature or lighting.

Special Features & Uses

The Selloum Philodendron, also known as the Tree Philodendron, stands out due to its large, glossy, lobed leaves and its easygoing nature. It’s not only a decorative asset but an air-purifying indoor companion as well.

Unique Characteristics

The Selloum Philodendron boasts several unique attributes that set it apart from other houseplants. It’s known for its large, glossy, lobed leaves that exude a tropical feel and can span up to 3 feet wide in mature plants.

This variety under the Philodendron species also produces unusual spadix flowers that aren’t typically found in similar indoor plants. Its impressive size with the potential to grow up to 5 feet tall and wide makes it an excellent focal piece.

The Selloum Philodendron’s longevity is another hallmark characteristic—it’s not unusual for this plant to live several decades with proper care.

Decorative Use

Selloum Philodendrons are undoubtedly one of the most attractive indoor tropical plants which can create a bold and lush atmosphere. Their beautiful deeply lobed, evergreen, large leaves are perfect additions to brighten up space.

This plant fits exceptionally well in large areas like office corners or spacious houses due to its broad spread. It’s also popular in decorating landscapes, lobbies, terrariums, and entranceways.

They are well-suited for containers and thus can be placed according to the decor preferences. Versatility and beauty combined, Selloum Philodendron is an excellent choice for interior decoration and creating an exotic tropical theme.


The Selloum Philodendron is indeed toxic to both humans and animals. It contains calcium oxalate crystals, which, when ingested, can cause symptoms such as mouth and throat irritation, stomach upset, and possible difficulty in swallowing.

Its sap may also cause skin irritation upon contact. It’s particularly important to keep this plant out of the reach of children and pets for these reasons.

Please, if any accidental ingestion or prolonged skin contact occurs, seek immediate medical or veterinary attention. Make sure you handle with care and use gloves if you have sensitive skin.

Additional Tips & Tricks

Mastering the proper care of the Selloum Philodendron can be a bit tricky, especially for novice plant owners. Aside from the basic care requirements, there are additional strategies that could make your experience smoother.

These tips and tricks include unique fertilization recommendations that boost the growth of your philodendron, effective pruning, and maintenance practices that keep your plant in top condition.

Lastly, understanding the use of support structures is an integral part of caring for your Selloum Philodendron, helping it to thrive and grow to its full potential.

These additional insights should give you an extra leg up on your plant care journey.

Fertilization Recommendations

For the Selloum Philodendron, it’s essential to provide the right nutrients to sustain its growth and vigour. Regular fertilizing during its active growth phase (spring and summer) plays a key role.

Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer (like a 20-20-20) diluted to half strength every 2-4 weeks. Avoid over-fertilizing, as it could lead to salt buildup causing leaf burn.

In the winter months, reduce the frequency of fertilizer use. Always apply the fertilizer to damp soil to prevent root burn and foster nutrient absorption.

Remember, keeping the plant healthy is not just about watering but also about providing the right quantities of essential nutrients.

Pruning & Maintenance

Pruning and maintenance is vital to keep your Selloum Philodendron healthy and attractive. Pruning involves removing brown or yellow leaves and damaged parts to promote fresh growth.

The best time to prune is in the fall or early spring during the plants dormant phase. Beyond pruning, general maintenance includes regular cleaning of the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust and enhance photosynthesis.

While the Selloum Philodendron is a fairly low-maintenance plant, your attention to these details can create an environment for your plant to thrive.

Support Structures

Selloum Philodendron naturally grows on trees and other plants in a semi-epiphytic manner, thus, it will appreciate some form of physical support as it grows.

This could mean placing it near a wall or a piece of furniture it can lean on, or using a stake or moss pole for the plant to adhere to.

This not only gives the plant the upward growth it naturally desires, but also promotes the development of its lush, full shape.

Remember to adjust or enlarge it as the plant grows to keep it well-structured and prevent any damage or stress.

Philodendrons   Updated: November 1, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
Questions and Answers
Janee Lookerse July 2, 2020 Reply

Hi there, I recently propagated my large Philodendron Selloum, the process went well, I came away with four nodes that all have at least 2 leaves and 3 established roots attached. But all of the cuttings are now drooping. Is that normal during the adjustment phase? Thank you!

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