Philodendron Micans Species Profile & Care Guide

The Philodendron Micans, part of the Araceae family, is a strikingly beautiful and easy-to-care-for household plant.

Noted for its rich, velvet-textured leaves and dramatic color shading, it’s the perfect addition to your indoor plant collection.

Reading this comprehensive care guide will help you understand and cater to the specific needs of this plant, ensuring its growth and health.

Philodendron Micans

Profile Overview

The Philodendron Micans, often referred to by its common names like Velvet Leaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron, or simply Philodendron Micans, is a splendid specimen indeed.

Here is a brief overview of its traits:

  • Common Name: Philodendron Micans, Velvet Leaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron
  • Scientific Name: Philodendron hederaceum var. hederaceum ‘Micans’
  • Family: Araceae (Arum family)
  • Origin/Native Region: Central America, the Caribbean, and Northern South America.
  • Growth Habit: This plant is climbing or trailing in nature. The Philodendron Micans has a slow growth rate overall but can potentially reach lengths of up to 3 to 4 meters if grown indoors with ample light and care.


Philodendron Micans exhibit a unique and intriguing physical appearance that sets them apart from other houseplants.

They have an often sprawling growth habit with dense, lush foliage that enhances any indoor or outdoor area.

The characteristic of the Micans species that makes it truly stand out is its leaves – the shape, size, color, and texture vary, creating a breathtaking aesthetic.

These plants have heart-shaped leaves and the color typically falls within the spectrum of green and various hues of brown and bronze.

The leaves have a velvet-like texture, making the plant even more visually stunning. This particular aspect gives the plant a distinct, eye-catching subtropical or tropical vibe.

Leaf Size

The Philodendron Micans is celebrated for its spectacular foliage. The leaves span out widely, measuring about 3 inches in width and growing in length up to 4 to 6 inches.

Despite having a relatively manageable size in indoor settings, in their natural habitats, these leaves can get considerably larger.

The moderately compact leaf size makes this species an excellent choice for indoor gardens, where space is a limiting factor.

Remember, a healthy Philodendron Micans with ideal care conditions will display leaves that are vibrant and full, contributing immensely to its aesthetic appeal.

Leaf Shape

The Philodendron Micans is recognized for its heart-like leaves, common to the Philodendron family. These leaves are typically dense and lush, with impressive velvety texture, creating a stunning visual feature.

The leaf edges are delicately wavy, adding to the overall foliage charm. As they flourish, new leaves wrap themselves around the vine producing a draped and cascading green spectacle which can reach up to 3 meters in an optimal condition.

Their unique shape makes this plant quite a sight and is definitely one to consider if you’re looking for an eye-catching indoor plant.

Philodendron Micans foliage

Leaf Color

Philodendron Micans leaves are truly mesmerizing with their color variations ranging from deep green to an almost purplish hue, depending on the light.

These leaves have a velvety feel and appear to have a metallic shimmer when exposed to light due to their slightly holographic nature.

The new leaves can sometimes appear almost coppery in color, but as they age, they usually become a more mature hue of green.

The leaf color can be a strong indicator of the plant’s overall health, so pay close attention if you see any drastic changes.

Stem Characteristics

The Philodendron Micans display a unique climbing behavior with their aerial roots, a characteristic inherent to many Philodendrons.

The stems are slender and long, which allows them to climb up to 20 feet or more given the right support structure. They can be allowed to trail or be trained to ascend on a moss or coir pole.

The color of the stem matches the reddish-purple hue of the underside of the leaves. Over time, as the plant matures, the stems may become thicker and tougher, giving the plant added strength to support more foliage.

Management of these stems is vital to the overall aesthetics and health of the Philodendron Micans.

Mature Size

In terms of size, the Philodendron Micans does not typically grow very large when kept indoors, its favorite environment.

Generally, a healthy indoor Micans may reach a maximum height of 3 feet, which is considerably less in comparison to its outdoor counterparts.

When it comes to spread, these vine-like plants can cover a considerable amount of space and can reach up to 6 feet in length.

Keep in mind, however, that the size of your plant also greatly depends on the care and attention it receives, alongside the suitability of its environment.

Effective pruning can help control the size and shape of your Philodendron Micans.

Care Requirements

The Philodendron Micans, like any other plant, has specific care requirements you should be aware of to keep your plant healthy and thriving.

These demands range from the plant’s light needs, watering frequency, and humidity preferences to its temperature range and soil type & pH preferences.

Understanding these can mean the difference between a wilted, struggling plant, and a lush, vibrant one. This guide provides comprehensive information on precisely these needs for your Philodendron Micans.

It’s essential to remember though, despite these guidelines, every plant is unique and may require slight adjustments to these recommendations.

Light Needs

Philodendron Micans is a versatile plant that can tolerate a wide range of light conditions. However, the ideal lighting for the growth and health of this plant is bright, indirect light.

Direct sunlight can cause leaf burn, so it’s best to keep your Philodendron Micans in a well-lit room with filtered light.

Too much shade, on the other hand, can lead to leggy growth as the plant reaches for light. Thus, maintaining an optimal balance of bright but indirect light is key to nurturing a healthy and robust Philodendron Micans.

Watering Frequency

The Philodendron Micans prefers to have its soil kept slightly moist, but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s essential to use a well-draining soil and ensure your plant pot has drainage holes.

Aim to water your Micans when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. In general, this might be once a week during the warmer months and roughly once every two weeks during the cooler months.

But remember, watering frequency can vary based on factors like light levels, room temperature, and the size of your pot. Always observe your plant for signs of overwatering or underwatering.

Humidity Preferences

The Philodendron Micans prefers environments that mimic its native jungle habitat, meaning it thrives in high humidity.

However, this plant is quite adaptable and can tolerate normal indoor humidity levels. During dry winter months, consider increasing humidity around your Micans plant by placing its pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water, installing a humidifier, or frequently misting the plant with water.

However, over-misting might make it prone to fungal diseases, so it’s important to strike a good balance. In short, keeping humidity levels optimal will ensure dense foliage and promote lush growth for your Philodendron Micans.

Temperature Range

The Philodendron Micans has a preference for a warmer climate, ideally thriving in temperatures between 60°F and 85°F (15°C to 29°C).

However, it is adaptable and can tolerate temperatures as low as 50°F (10°C), making it suitable for indoor cultivation in varied climate conditions.

It’s important to avoid exposing your Micans plant to temperatures below this range or to sudden drastic temperature fluctuations, as this can stress the plant and hinder its growth.

Keep it away from drafty windows or doors in the winter, and also from air conditioners in the summer.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

Philodendron Micans thrive best in a well-draining soil mix, which can be a blend of peat, perlite, and orchid bark.

This ensures the plant’s roots get the necessary air circulation and do not become waterlogged. As for the pH preferences, Micans prefer slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soil, with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5.

Regularly testing your soil’s pH level can help in maintaining ideal conditions and promoting the finest health for your Micans.

Adjustments to the soil medium can be made, if needed, to keep the pH level within the preferred range.

Growth & Propagation

The Philodendron Micans has a moderate growth rate and can be easily propagated to cultivate new plants. It undergoes active growth primarily in the late spring and summer.

Whether you’re planning to pot a new plant, or repot an existing one, there are specific recommendations that need to be followed to ensure healthy growth.

Therefore, understanding how this species grows and reproduces is crucial for proper plant management.

The following subsections will further explore its growth rate, propagation methods, seasons of active growth, and potting and repotting recommendations.

Growth Rate

The Philodendron Micans is known for its moderate to rapid growth rate under ideal conditions.

While growth can depend on individual care and environmental conditions, you can typically expect it to add several inches to its length each year.

The warm growing season, particularly spring and summer, are when the Micans experiences its most active growth.

Proper care, involving adequate lighting, watering, and fertilization, is essential in supporting this growth rate and promoting its overall health.

Propagation Methods

When it comes to the propagation of Philodendron Micans, there are two common methods: stem cuttings and air layering. Stem cuttings involve taking a 4-6 inch section of the stem that includes at least two nodes.

This can then be planted in moist soil or water until roots form, at which point, it can be planted in soil. On the other hand, air layering involves making a small cut in the stem, packing it with moss, and then wrapping it in plastic until roots form.

This is a more complex method, but can produce larger plants quicker. Both proceedings should be done in the spring or early summer for the best result.

Season of Active Growth

The Philodendron Micans, like most indoor houseplants, has an active growth period which typically occurs during the warmer months, while dormancy tends to happen in the cooler months.

Specifically, this plant’s active growth season usually begins in spring and stretches through summer.

During this time, it’s especially critical to provide your Micans with its optimal care requirements, including adequate light, water, and nutrients.

In its active growth phase, the Micans can put out new leaves rapidly, possibly as frequently as every two weeks. This season is also the ideal time to repot or propagate your plant.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

Philodendron Micans thrive in a container that provides enough room for their root system. For initial potting, choose a pot with good drainage that is 1-2 inches larger than its roots.

Your Micans may outgrow its pot as it matures, so plan on repotting every 2-3 years or when you notice the roots crowding the surface. The best time to repot is during spring or early summer.

Use a fresh mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil for optimal growth. Make sure not to pack the soil too tightly; its roots need room to breathe.

Potential Issues

Just like any other plant, Philodendron Micans is also susceptible to certain problems which might inhibit its growth and overall health. Predominantly, these problems arise from failure to meet the plant’s environmental and care requirements.

Issues can range from pest infestations to contracting diseases and developing sensitivities. Additionally, specific signs such as discoloration or wilting signify underlying issues.

Understanding these potential issues and taking prompt preventive or corrective measures are crucial for the well-being of your plant.

In this section, we explore common pests, diseases, and other sensitivities that affect Philodendron Micans and how you can deal with them.

Common Pests

When nurturing your Philodendron Micans, monitor closely for common pests that often infest houseplants. These include mealybugs, aphids, scale insects and spider mites.

Mealybugs appear as cottony masses, aphids are small, soft-bodied insects with long, slender mouth parts that they use to pierce stems and leaves to suck out plant fluids.

Scale insects are small, flat and can create significant damage by sucking the plant’s sap. Spider mites, while minuscule, can cause extensive damage characterized by small, yellow or brown spots on the leaves.

Regular inspection of your Philodendron Micans is key to catching these pests early and preventing an infestation.

Common Diseases

Philodendron Micans, like many other houseplants, can be susceptible to a handful of diseases that may adversely affect its health. Most common among these are root rot and leaf spot.

Root rot typically occurs as a result of overwatering and poor drainage. It can be prevented by ensuring the plant’s soil is well-draining and not waterlogged.

Leaf spot, on the other hand, is a fungal issue that produces brown or black-spotted foliage. It is often due to high humidity levels and can be mitigated by ensuring good air circulation around your plant and avoiding wetting the leaves while watering.

Other Sensitivities

Philodendron Micans may exhibit certain sensitivities, particularly to overwatering and direct sunlight exposure. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which can be detrimental to the plant’s health.

Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause the foliage to turn yellow or brown and can burn the leaves. These plants are also sensitive to cold, and freezing temperatures can damage them significantly.

Finally, the Philodendron Micans, like many houseplants, can be sensitive to the chemicals found in tap water, so use filtered, distilled, or rainwater when possible.

It’s important to keep these sensitivities in mind for the optimal care of your Micans.

Special Features & Uses

The Philodendron Micans isn’t just another pretty houseplant. Offering a range of unique features and uses, it brings remarkable value to your interior spaces.

Unique Characteristics

The Philodendron Micans sports some unique characteristics that set it apart from other houseplants. First, its distinctive velvet-textured leaves, which appear to shimmer under light give a luxurious touch to your indoor space.

Second, the attractive green hue of the young leaves gradually darkens to a deep burgundy as they age. Lastly, the plant exhibits epiphytic tendencies, meaning it can grow on other plants and draw nutrients from the air, rain, water, or from debris accumulating around it.

These traits make the Philodendron Micans a unique addition to your indoor plant family.

Decorative Use

The Philodendron Micans adds a rich, tropical vibe to any indoor space due to its velvety heart-shaped leaves that unfurl to reveal colors of olive green, rust, and deep purple.

Its cascading vines make it excellent for hanging baskets or high shelves allowing it to trail naturally. Pair it with bright, modern interiors for a contrasting lush accent.

Its versatility in design makes it a favorite amongst interior designers and house plant enthusiasts alike.

Many also appreciate its growth in terrariums or desktop pots, offering countless decorative possibilities with just one plant species.


Belonging to the Araceae family, the Philodendron Micans holds the characteristic toxicity known to many of the species in this group.

This toxicity contains calcium oxalate crystals that are poisonous if ingested by humans or pets. In particular, it can cause severe irritation in the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract.

Therefore, it’s highly recommended to keep this plant out of reach from children and pets. If ingested, it can lead to severe health complications.

It’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional or a veterinarian in case of accidental ingestion.

Additional Tips & Tricks

To ensure your Philodendron Micans thrives, here are some useful tips and tricks. First, remember that less is more when it comes to watering – it’s better to underwater than overwater.

Secondly, use a pebble tray to increase humidity and mist the leaves regularly. Make sure your plant is placed in an area that receives bright but indirect light, and remember that it prefers slightly acid to neutral soil pH.

Bi-monthly fertilization during the growing season can stimulate lush growth. Finally, if your plant outgrows its pot or becomes pot-bound, don’t hesitate to re-pot. Your Philodendron Micans will thank you!

Fertilization Recommendations

For optimal growth, the Philodendron Micans benefits from regular fertilization during its active growth seasons.

A balanced, water-soluble houseplant fertilizer applied about once a month during spring and summer should meet its needs. Avoid over-fertilization, as this can lead to leaf burn.

During the fall and winter months, when your Philodendron Micans is in a dormant state, you should reduce or even cease fertilization.

Remember to water the plant thoroughly before and after applying fertilizer to prevent root burn and ensure a good distribution of nutrients.

Pruning & Maintenance

Maintaining your Philodendron Micans can enhance its healthy growth. Pruning involves removing any yellowing leaves or dying foliage, which helps redirect nutrients to new growth.

Also, trimming leggy vines promote bushier growth. Regularly wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to keep them free from dust and pests.

Ensure you use a clean, sharp tool for pruning to prevent disease transfer. Remember, the Philodendron Micans is a climbing species, so providing a moss pole or a support structure can help maintain its shape and form, contributing to a healthier plant.

Month-to-month care can differ based on specific environmental conditions, but these general guidelines will keep your Micans happy and healthy.

Support Structures

Philodendron Micans, like many climbers, benefits from a support structure, especially as it grows and its vines start drooping.

The right support can also stimulate higher and bushier growth. Acceptable supports include moss poles, trellises, or other forms of vertical supports that the plant can attach to.

Start training your Philodendron Micans to climb these supports early by gently tying the plant to the support with a soft cloth.

Remember, the climbing habits of this species not only influences its growth but also contributes to the aesthetic value of it as a decorative indoor plant.

Houseplants   Philodendrons   Updated: October 31, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
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