Philodendron Florida Species Profile & Care Guide

Philodendron Florida is a spectacular hybrid variety of philodendron, prized for its stunning foliage.

This striking plant, mixing aspects of philodendron squamiferum and philodendron pedatum, brings a unique beauty to indoor environments and landscapes.

Philodendron Florida

Profile Overview

  • Common Name: The common name for this particular species is the ‘Philodendron Florida’.
  • Scientific Name: The scientific name varies but the most widely accepted is ‘Philodendron pedatum’.
  • Family: This evergreen plant falls under the ‘Araceae’ family.
  • Origin/Native Region: The Philodendron Florida originates from the tropical regions of Central and South America.
  • Growth Habit: With long, slender, and glossy green leaves that have deeply lobed margins, the Philodendron Florida has a moderate growth rate and size. In optimum conditions, it can grow up to 5 to 8 feet tall, with a similar spread, making it a fantastic option for indoor gardens.


The Philodendron Florida is a definite show-stopper with its unique and appealing aesthetic. It has large and beautiful leaves that are the highlight of its appearance.

These leaves have deep lobes and show a perfect blend of the features of its parent plants. The plant maintains a moderate height which adds to its beauty.

The stem of this plant is notable for being sturdy, while also displaying a lush green color, matching that of the leaves.

The plant exudes an overall tropical feel, with its lush, shiny and exotic-looking leaves.

Leaf Size

Philodendron Florida’s leaf size is one of its most captivating features. The leaves are large, with mature ones stretching up to 14 inches in length and 5 inches in width.

However, the size can vary depending on the growing conditions, with ideal conditions promoting larger leaf growth.

It’s essential to provide proper care and meet the plant’s key needs to ensure the growth of beautifully large leaves that bring about the plant’s characteristic tropical charm.

Remember, the leaf size directly represents the overall health and well-being of your Philodendron Florida.

Leaf Shape

The Philodendron Florida boasts a mixed leaf shape that is both highly distinctive and a key to its striking aesthetic appeal.

The foliage is characteristically a mix of both heart-shaped and lanceolate leaf forms, ideally combining the classic Philodendron heart-leaf shape with the elongated, spear-like shape typical of more exotic species.

These leaves possess a glossy, vibrant sheen, and boast heavy veining, further enhancing their visual appeal. With their unique shape, the leaves not only contribute to the plant’s overall beauty but also play a crucial role in its photosynthesis process.

Leaf Color

The Philodendron Florida showcases stunning foliage that tends to be glossy and dark green in color. This is the color when they have optimal light conditions.

The leaves may also carry some variegation, exhibiting hues that span from a creamy yellow to an almost white shade in some variations of the species.

This characteristic greatly adds to the plant’s ornamental appeal. However, note that the leaf color can change slightly based on lighting conditions and overall plant health.

Lack of appropriate light can lead to faded or less vibrant leaf color.

Stem Characteristics

The Philodendron Florida sports sturdy and glossy petioles, or leaf stems. They are elongated and slender, with an interestingly undulated or wavy texture.

The stem’s strength supports the weight of the larger leaves and aids in the overall upward and outward growth pattern of the plant. The petioles’ characteristic glossy finish adds an aesthetic appeal to the plant’s overall appearance.

As the plant matures, the stems can become quite thick, giving you a lush, tropical look for your indoor or outdoor garden.

Keep in mind, supporting structures may be required for mature plants with sizeable stem growth.

Mature Size

Philodendron Florida, when adequately cared for, can achieve an impressive size. In terms of height, it usually reaches between 3 to 5 feet, but under optimal conditions, it can grow even taller.

In terms of width, its large leaves can spread up to 3 feet broad per leaf, creating a big impact even in smaller spaces. So, when planning where you want to place your Philodendron Florida, make sure to consider its potential size.

It’s essential to provide adequate space for it to expand and grow without constraints, which will also add to the aesthetic appeal and grandeur of your plant decorative arrangement.

Care Requirements

Taking care of your Philodendron Florida involves several important considerations to ensure it thrives. These include understanding its lighting requirements, watering frequency, humidity preferences, temperature range, and best soil type & pH level.

An important aspect is also knowing when to water it and how much sunlight it needs. It’s worthwhile to remember that the health and wellbeing of your Philodendron Florida are directly dependent on these factors.

A well-cared for plant will reward you with beautiful, lush foliage. Let’s dive into these requirements in depth to better guide you on your Philodendron Florida care journey.

Light Needs

Philodendron Florida has moderate light requirements. As an understory plant, it thrives in bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can cause the foliage to burn, while too little light can lead to leggy growth and reduced vigor.

A north or east-facing window is an ideal location. Furthermore, if the light is not adequate indoors, a fluorescent light can supplement natural light.

By providing the right amount of light, you ensure that your Philodendron Florida will have lush, vibrant foliage. If you notice any pale leaves or elongated stems, it might be time to adjust the placement or light conditions.

Watering Frequency

Philodendron Florida prefers water whenever the top inch of its soil becomes dry. This usually results in a watering frequency of about once a week during the growing season and less frequently in the winter.

Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it’s better to err on the side of underwatering. Always ensure that excess water drains away freely to avoid water-logged soil.

This plant appreciates a good soak but also likes to dry out a bit in between waterings. Stick your finger into the soil to check its moisture level, and if it feels dry under the surface, it’s time to water again.

Humidity Preferences

Philodendron Florida thrives in higher humidity levels, typically between 65% and 80%. This preference mirrors their tropical rainforest origins, where the environment is naturally humid.

Under lower humidity conditions, the plant may display brown leaf tips, a sign of humidity stress. To maintain high humidity for your Philodendron Florida, consider placing your plant on a pebble tray filled with water or use a humidifier.

Misting the leaves can also help, but it’s not as effective as the afore-mentioned strategies. Also, remember to keep the plant away from high heat sources, like radiators, which can dry out the surrounding air quickly, negatively affecting your plant.

Temperature Range

The Philodendron Florida is a tropical plant and therefore enjoys warmer conditions. The optimum temperature range for this plant is between 65°F to 85°F (18°C – 29°C).

Its growth can slow down or stop altogether in temperatures lower than 50°F (10°C). However, keep in mind that extreme temperature fluctuations can stress the Philodendron Florida, leading to leaf drop.

Always ensure that the plant is kept in a location where the temperature is consistent, ideally away from air conditioners or heating units. This makes it a perfect houseplant since it can easily adapt to average indoor temperatures.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

The Philodendron Florida thrives best in well-draining soil. A good option is a peat-based mix, ideally with perlite to improve drainage.

The pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 5.0 to 7.0, and not overly alkaline.

It’s important to test your soil’s pH periodically and adjust if needed. Allowing the plant to sit in waterlogged soil may cause its roots to rot.

Remember to refresh the plant’s soil every few years to replenish any depleted nutrients. A high-quality houseplant mix supplemented with coconut coir or peat moss is also suitable.

Growth & Propagation

The Philodendron Florida is a moderately fast-growing plant, making it a rewarding choice for home growers.

It’s possible to propagate this plant either by stem cuttings or air layering, and the ideal season for active growth and propagation is the warmer spring and summer months.

Potting and repotting are crucial aspects of its care, with recommendations typically suggesting a move to a larger pot once the plant outgrows its existing one, or about every two years.

Careful attention to these factors will ensure a healthy and robust specimen.

Growth Rate

The Philodendron Florida is a moderately fast-growing plant. If you are providing it with the right care and environment, you can expect it to grow up to 5 to 6 feet tall in an indoor setting within a few years.

The growth rate can be affected by multiple factors including light, temperature, humidity, and the quality of soil.

Good care practices, such as regular fertilization during the growth period and providing a well-draining, nutrient-rich soil, can significantly increase its growth rate.

Regular pruning can also contribute to a healthy and fast-growing plant.

Propagation Methods

Propagation of the Philodendron Florida is fairly straightforward and can be accomplished by stem cuttings or air layering.

For stem cuttings, select a healthy stem that is 3-4 inches long with at least two nodes and cut just below one of the nodes.

Place the cut stem in a container with water, ensuring that the nodes are submerged. Within a few weeks, roots should begin to sprout.

Air layering involves making a cut on a stem, wrapping it in moist moss, and enclosing it in plastic until roots develop, after which it can be cut off and planted separately.

Season of Active Growth

For the Philodendron Florida, the season of active growth typically falls in the warmer months, specifically from spring to early fall.

In this period, the plant focuses its energy on producing new foliage and expanding. As the plant is native to a tropical region, it thrives in the warmth and increased light of these seasons.

However, even during this growing period, it’s crucial for you to ensure appropriate care – providing enough but not too much light, maintaining the right level of humidity, and watering appropriately.

Remember to reduce watering frequency as the plant goes into dormancy approaching the cold months.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

Potting and repotting are crucial parts of Philodendron Florida care. When you initially pot your plant, use a container with plenty of drainage and fill it with well-draining, peaty soil.

It’s ideal to repot every 2-3 years, during the spring or early summer. Be careful to upsize the pot gradually, as too large a pot can lead to root rot from excess moisture.

During repotting, remove old soil from roots and cut away any decaying or dead roots. Always pot in clean containers to prevent disease.

Repotting will give your Philodendron Florida the room it needs to grow and flourish.

Potential Issues

In your Philodendron Florida care journey, some issues can arise that might hinder the growth and health of your beautiful plant. These issues usually come in the form of pests and diseases.

It’s also crucial to be aware of the plant’s sensitivities to certain environmental conditions. Ignoring these potential issues can negatively impact the overall growth and longevity of your Philodendron Florida.

Understanding each of these issues, how to prevent them, and dealing with them when they occur is key to maintaining a healthy plant. Let’s explore in detail the common pests, diseases, and other unique sensitivities of Philodendron Florida.

Common Pests

One challenge you may face when caring for your Philodendron Florida is pests. Common pests include aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, and thrips.

Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on plant sap, often causing yellow, distorted leaves. Mealybugs, which are white, fuzzy insects, and spider mites, tiny, spider-like creatures, feed similarly, and can lead to leaf drop. Thrips are tiny, slender insects that can cause stippling, distorted growth, and premature leaf drop.

Vigilance is key to dealing with these pests. Regularly inspect your Philodendron Florida, and if pests are found, isolate the plant and treat it accordingly.

Common Diseases

Just like other plants, Philodendron Florida is prone to certain diseases. The most common include root rot, leaf spot, and bacterial blight. Root rot arises from overwatering leading to a waterlogged soil.

Evident symptoms include wilting, yellowing leaves, and stunted growth. Leaf spot, often caused by fungus, typically manifests as brown or black spots on leaves.

On the other hand, bacterial blight is identifiable by water-soaked blotches evolving into brown, slimy sections.

These can be controlled with regular care routine and the use of appropriate fungicides. Plant diseases may vary; thus, professional diagnosis is often beneficial.

Other Sensitivities

Philodendron Florida can be sensitive to certain factors that can limit its growth and overall health. Overexposure to sunlight can cause its leaves to yellow and burn.

On the other hand, too little light can make the plants leggy, with weak growth and diminished leaf size. It’s also responsive to changes in humidity and soil moisture; overly dry conditions can lead to brown leaf tips, while too much water may cause root rot.

Moreover, Philodendron Florida is sensitive to cold temperatures and can suffer damage if exposed to temperatures below 55°F. Always keep these plants in a temperate range for optimal growth.

Special Features & Uses

The Philodendron Florida is more than just an ordinary houseplant. Its special characteristics make it unique among its peers and contribute to its broad-ranging uses.

Owing to its aesthetic appeal and air-purifying capabilities, this plant is ideally suited for decorating a living space and promoting healthier indoor air.

Moreover, the unusual, split-leaf form can become a fascinating topic of conversation among plant enthusiasts.

However, remember that these plants do contain calcium oxalate crystals, making them mildly toxic if ingested.

Therefore, it is recommended to position these plants out of reach from pets and children. Further, the subsequent sub-sections will detail these features and uses.

Unique Characteristics

The Philodendron Florida boasts a few distinct features that set it apart from other houseplants. It has a slim growth habit, and its stem often sports an appealing red hue.

The leaves possess a uniquely compound form: instead of the singular large leaf prevalent among many Philodendron species, it has subdivided leaves, each with its sections.

Also, given the right care, this plant can produce elegant, spathe-like flowers, adding an extra touch of beauty to its overall appearance.

Decorative Use

Philodendron Florida is highly prized as an ornamental plant due to its distinctive, glossy foliage. This tropical plant has an exotic look that enhances the decor of any indoor space, providing an instant touch of nature.

Its dramatic leaves can be a perfect centerpiece for a table or a stunning addition to a windowsill. The lush and large-leafed plant, with its unique leaf shape, can act as a natural air purifier adding to its decorative appeal.

In outdoor spaces, the vibrant Philodendron Florida can be a striking addition to gardens, patio spaces and balconies. This plant’s ornamental value lies in its aesthetic appeal and the fresh, green ambiance it brings to spaces.


Philodendron Florida, like most philodendrons, contains calcium oxalate crystals. This substance is toxic to both pets and humans when ingested and can cause symptoms like pain and swelling of the mouth, tongue, and lips, difficulty swallowing, excessive drooling, and vomiting.

Always ensure that your plant is placed somewhere out of the reach of curious pets and children. If accidental ingestion occurs, it is important to seek immediate medical or veterinary assistance.

Despite this toxicity, the Philodendron Florida remains a desirable houseplant due to its unique aesthetics and relative ease of care. Just remember to handle it with care and caution.

Additional Tips & Tricks

Philodendron Florida is a relatively easy houseplant to care for. However, some additional tips and tricks can further enhance its growth and beauty.

These include regular fertilization with a balanced houseplant fertilizer to support vigorous growth. It’s also crucial to prune any yellow or dead leaves to maintain its aesthetics and overall health.

Some varieties can grow quite large, so providing support with a moss pole or stake can help manage its size and shape.

Most importantly, remember that this plant thrives on care and attention – the more you provide, the more stunning it will become.

Fertilization Recommendations

For optimal growth and foliage health of your Philodendron Florida, consider adopting a steadfast routine of fertilization.

These plants thrive when fed monthly during spring and summer with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. However, in the fall and winter, reduce the frequency to every six-eight weeks as the plant enters its dormant stage.

Remember to water your plant before you fertilize to prevent root burn. Using a fertilizer that is high in organic matter can provide the essential nutrients your Philodendron Florida needs to keep it looking lush and vibrant.

Always follow the product’s instructions for correct dilution rates and application.

Pruning & Maintenance

The upkeep of your Philodendron Florida can be a relatively easy task. Pruning can help promote a bushier growth and prevent the plant from becoming too tall or leggy.

It’s best to prune in the spring and remove any leaves that have turned yellow or brown. Always make sure to use a clean, sharp instrument to prevent disease.

Maintenance of this plant primarily involves regular watering, appropriate lighting and temperature control as well as occasional feeding.

Keeping the plant clean from dust also encourages better photosynthesis, making the leaves more vibrant. Potted plants should be rotated occasionally to ensure even growth.

Support Structures

Philodendron Florida is a climbing plant that attaches itself to tree trunks and other vertical structures in its natural habitat. When cultivating this plant indoors, it’s important to provide some sort of support structure.

Without it, the plant can become sprawling and unruly, or it may not grow as vigorously. You can use a moss pole, a trellis, or any other sturdy vertical structure.

Providing the plant with a support structure not only helps maintain its shape but also encourages the growth of larger, more mature leaves.

For the best results, attach the plant to the support using soft ties or clips.

Houseplants   Philodendrons   Updated: November 11, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
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