Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum Species Profile & Care Guide

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is an impressive tropical houseplant known for its large, velvety, shiny, heart-shaped leaves.

As an exquisite addition to your indoor or outdoor garden, it boasts elegance and aesthetic appeal.

This guide uncovers its profile, appearance, care requirements, growth patterns, potential issues, special features, and additional tips for enhancing its growth.

Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum

Profile Overview

  • Common Name: Black Gold Philodendron
  • Scientific Name: Philodendron Melanochrysum
  • Family: Araceae, the arum family
  • Origin/Native Region: Native to the tropical rainforests of Columbia and Ecuador
  • Growth Habit: It’s a climbing evergreen vine-like plant which in its natural habitat, uses the trunks of tall trees to support its growth upwards, reaching lengths up to 20 feet. In indoor settings, it usually can reach about 4-5 feet in length depending on care and conditions.


The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum displays its elegance through its distinctive, stunning foliage. These plants are visually appealing, with large, heart-shaped leaves that can grow quite large if given optimal care.

These leaves are velvety and have a deep, dark green color – a feature unique to this variant of Philodendron, giving it its common name, “Black Gold”.

The undersides of the leaves feature a contrasting shade, often a shiny burgundy or rust color, adding to the visual allure.

Each leaf is attached to a sturdy, elongated stem, contributing to the majestic and tropical vibe of this beautiful indoor plant.

Leaf Size

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, often referred to as the “Black Gold Philodendron,” boasts impressive foliage. Each leaf can reach an astounding length of up to 3 feet and a width of 1 foot, slightly depending on the growing conditions.

Undeniably, this broad, large size significantly contributes to the plant’s stunning visual appeal. And with appropriate care—suitable light, adequate water, and ideal humidity—your Philodendron Melanochrysum’s leaves can fully thrive to their maximal size and maintain their vibrant color.

Handling these majestic leaves with care is essential as they are quite delicate despite their large dimensions.

Leaf Shape

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum has a unique leaf shape that makes it easily recognizable. Each leaf is shaped like a broad arrowhead or elongated heart, adding to the plant’s aesthetic appeal.

The edges of the leaf seem almost round due to their continuous curve. Meanwhile, the primary vein running down the center of the leaf gives it a well-defined structure, while secondary veins branch out on both sides, creating a symmetrical pattern.

This leaf shape plays a significant role in enhancing the overall beauty of the plant, giving it an elegant and tropical appeal.

Leaf Color

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum displays a deep, dark green color on the surface of its leaves. This shade of green is so dark that it sometimes looks black, rendering the common name ‘Black Gold’.

These leaves also offer a distinctly glossy sheen, lending further depth and richness to the color. The undersides of the mature leaves present a contrasting gold color that gives the plant its ‘Gold’ reference.

The blend of dark green and gold creates a magnificent contrast that adds to the overall allure of this Philodendron species.

Stem Characteristics

For the Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, the stems are as interesting as its magnificent leaves. They exhibit a nearly-black, dark brown or purple hue when mature, making them look quite dramatic.

This vine plant has robust, semi-woody stems that tend to climb up and grow tall, especially with proper support. The stems also bear the nodes from which new leaves and roots emerge.

They stand out remarkably against the plant’s dark velvety leaves, making the black gold Philodendron a statement plant in your garden.

Ensuring the health of the stems plays a crucial part in the overall wellbeing of this species.

Mature Size

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, when fully matured, can achieve impressive dimensions. Depending on its growing conditions, its leaves can range from 2 to 4 feet in length, offering a stunning display of tropical lushness.

Similarly, the total spread of the plant may reach in excess 3 feet or more. However, in indoor settings, its size might be a little more controlled, commonly reaching not more than 2 feet in height.

This Philodendron’s growth rate and mature size will be highly dependent on its environment, including factors such as light, temperature, and humidity, among others.

Care Requirements

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum (often abbreviated as ‘P. melanochrysum’) is a resilient tropical plant that appreciates specific care requirements to maximize its growth and overall health.

These critical elements range from understanding the appropriate light and water needs to appreciating its preferred temperature and humidity settings. Additionally, knowing the correct soil type and managing pH levels also play a pivotal role in the overall wellbeing of this plant.

As you continue reading, each vital aspect of these care requirements will be discussed in more detail, helping you provide an optimal environment for your P. melanochrysum to thrive.

Light Needs

Your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum prefers conditions with bright, indirect light. The plant will appreciate a location near a window that is covered by a sheer curtain, which allows plenty of light to filter in but avoids the harsh direct sunlight that could damage the leaves.

Although it can tolerate lower light conditions, the growth of the Philodendron Melanochrysum may be slow and the vibrant leaf color might fade.

Therefore, providing it with the optimal light amount will ensure your plant matures healthily and its beautiful dark coloration remains prominent.

Watering Frequency

For the Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, the watering frequency plays a pivotal role in its health and vigor. The rule of thumb is to water your plant when the top one inch of the soil becomes dry.

Never allow the soil to dry out completely, or to remain excessively wet. Overwatering could lead to root rot, a common issue with indoor plants in particular.

This plant appreciates a steady moisture level but never enjoys sitting in waterlogged soil. It’s a delicate balance to maintain, but necessary for the glowing health of your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum.

Humidity Preferences

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum flourishes in moderate to high humidity levels, as it hails from tropical rainforest areas.

Providing humidity levels around 60-80% would mimic its natural habitat effectively. However, this plant is also adaptable and can tolerate lower humidity if necessary, but may not thrive as spectacularly.

Some methods to increase humidity include misting the leaves, placing the plant on a pebble tray with water, or using a humidifier.

Remember, dry air may cause browning or drying of leaf tips and edges. So, while managing humidity, ensure you’re not putting the plant in stagnant, overly damp conditions that can encourage mold or disease.

Temperature Range

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, like most tropical plants, prefers warm temperatures for optimal growth. The ideal temperature range is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18-23 degrees Celsius).

This plant does not handle cold well and temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12 degrees Celsius) could damage it. For your plant to thrive, maintain the temperature in this range and avoid abrupt changes.

If you live in a cooler climate, indoor planting is advised to manage temperature control successfully. It’s always important to mimic the plant’s native tropical environment as closely as possible for the best results.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

The Black Gold Philodendron prefers rich and well-draining soil to thrive. This means soils that are loamy or sandy can work great.

Heavy clay soils should be avoided as they retain too much water, which can lead to root rot. With regards to pH, Black Gold Philodendron prefers slightly acidic to neutral soils, with a pH range of 5.6 to 7.5.

The plant is flexible within these ranges, however, for optimal health and growth, provide the Philodendron with soil conditions that fit within these preferences.

Growth & Propagation

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum exhibits a moderately fast growth rate under ideal conditions. Its growth pattern remains vines with heart-shaped leaves.

The vine’s length can extend up to a few meters if you guide and support it properly. The best time to notice noticeable growth is during the warmer months, specifically spring and summer.

As for propagation, the preferred method is stem cuttings. It’s simple and mostly successful: just cut a piece of the stem with a few leaves and roots, plant it in a fresh potting mix, and maintain the right care requirements.

Growth Rate

The growth rate of the Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is considerably rapid in the right conditions. Under optimum care, this indoor houseplant can add several new leaves every month during its active growing season.

However, this fast growth rate can be slowed if it’s exposed to subpar conditions including insufficient light, infrequent watering, and poor soil quality.

It’s important for you to regularly monitor the plant’s growth and adjust care as needed. Along with proper care, patience is key as this philodendron species reaches its striking full potential.

Propagation Methods

Propagation of the Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is best done by stem cuttings. You can easily multiply your plant collection by cutting a leaf node along with some aerial root from the main plant.

Make sure your cutting tool is disinfected to avoid infection. The cut stem should be allowed to dry out for a day before planting it in a well-draining potting mix.

Keep the soil slightly moist and in a warm, brightly lit spot. Rooting can take a few weeks, but with patience and care, you will soon have a new plant to enjoy or share with a fellow gardener.

Season of Active Growth

In the context of Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, the season of active growth typically takes place during the spring and summer months.

This is when the plant experiences the most significant growth and is the optimal time to facilitate propagation. During this period, the plant can be introduced to higher levels of light, humidity, and water, to further stimulate growth.

However, keep in mind that this plant, like many tropical native species, appreciates a rest period during the colder seasons. It’s essential to slightly reduce watering and avoid repotting during the fall and winter periods.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

When it comes to potting your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum, it’s best to start with a well-draining pot that’s slightly larger than the root ball.

As for repotting, it’s generally a good practice to repot this species every 2-3 years to give it more room to grow and fresh soil to thrive in.

Make sure to handle the roots with care, keeping them intact as much as possible in the process. Monitor the plant after repotting, ensuring it adjusts properly to its new environment.

Consider repotting during the active growth season for best results.

Potential Issues

While the Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is fairly easy to care for, it’s not immune to several potential problems that can inhibit its growth or mar its stunning appearance.

These issues could result from improper care, environmental stress, or the presence of pests and diseases. Being aware of these potential issues and recognizing the early signs of trouble can go a long way in maintaining the health and beauty of your plant.

In this section, we’ll discuss the most common challenges you might encounter while caring for your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum and offer solutions on how to deal with them effectively.

Common Pests

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum can be susceptible to several pests. These often include spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, and scale insects.

Spider mites, tiny creatures barely visible to the naked eye, can pose a significant problem as they suck the sap from leaves. Aphids favor new growth where they can feed on the sap.

Mealybugs, which look like small pieces of cotton, can harm the plant by sucking sap and leaving a sticky residue that often brings sooty mold.

Scale insects create similar problems. These pests can be kept under control with regular inspections and appropriate pest control methods.

Common Diseases

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum may succumb to certain diseases that can affect its health and aesthetics. These often show as irregularities in leaf color and texture.

Common diseases include root rot, usually caused by overwatering and poor drainage, which can lead to the plant’s demise if left untreated.

Leaf spot disease, often caused by fungal or bacterial infections, shows up as brown or black spots on the leaves.

Lastly, bacterial wilt disease can cause rapid wilting and yellowing of leaves. It’s important to maintain the right conditions for your plant, and respond swiftly at the first signs of disease.

Other Sensitivities

Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum plants are generally hardy, but they can be sensitive to certain environmental factors.

They do not tolerate overwatering or water-logged soil which can lead to root rot. Also, they are sensitive to harsh direct sunlight which can scorch their leaves.

Likewise, placing your Philodendron Melanochrysum in a location with cold drafts can cause leaf damage. It’s important to note that this plant can also be sensitive to the chemicals found in tap water.

Therefore, it might be beneficial to water your Philodendron Melanochrysum with filtered, distilled, or rainwater when possible.

Special Features & Uses

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum boasts several striking features that set it apart from other houseplants. Aside from its captivating aesthetic appeal, this flora is also celebrated for its adaptability and decorative use.

Its unique characteristics, easy maintenance, and ability to purify air make it an excellent choice for indoor gardening. Be aware that, like many other Philodendrons, this plant contains a certain level of toxicity. Hence, it’s crucial to handle it with care and keep it away from pets and children.

Let’s delve deeper into what makes this species stand out, its potential uses, and precautions to take while handling it.

Unique Characteristics

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is a unique specie, distinguished by its velvety textured, large, heart-shaped leaves that grow progressively larger as the plant matures.

This Philodendron species is a climber and needs some support to latch on to for best growth. One of its fascinating traits is that when it’s exposed to optimum indirect light, the leaves develop an almost reflective, dark green hue, which greatly enhances its ornamental value.

These peculiarities, coupled with the bronze-pinkish color of new leaves and their transition into dark green velvety ones, make this Black Gold variety a standout in any indoor plant collection.

Decorative Use

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum is an attractive tropical plant widely prized for its decorative use. It is often utilized in indoor spaces like living rooms or offices for its lush, verdant leaves that add an exotic touch to the décor.

The contrast of its dark green foliage against a lighter-colored wall creates a spectacular visual appeal. Also, it’s commonly seen in containers suspended in hanging baskets or trellises, showcasing its climbing habit.

Moreover, its potential to grow quite large makes it an ideal floor plant or a room divider. Just remember to provide it with something to climb on.


The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum possesses a level of toxicity due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals within its foliage.

If ingested by humans or pets, it can result in irritation to the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include drooling, vomiting, and difficulties swallowing.

It’s essential to place this plant in an area unreachable to pets and children. Always use gloves when handling or pruning to protect your skin from possible irritation.

While not lethal, these consequences are discomforting and should be avoided. Be aware and handle with caution.

Additional Tips & Tricks

Caring for your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum doesn’t have to be a daunting task.

Fertilization Recommendations

For the best results, use a balanced houseplant fertilizer for your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum. You’re recommended to fertilize your plant once a month during the growing season (spring and summer), and reduce to once every other month in the fall and winter.

Always remember to water your plant before fertilizing to avoid root burn. Over-fertilization can lead to a buildup of salt that harms your plant, so if you see white crust forming on the soil’s surface, it would be ideal to flush the soil to clear it out.

Besides, organic compost can be integrated once a year for additional nourishment.

Pruning & Maintenance

Maintaining healthiness and attractiveness of your Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum requires some degree of pruning.

This does not just involve taking off brown or yellow leaves but encompasses promoting a bushier look by shortening elongated stems. It is advisable to prune during the growing season, using sharp, sterilized shears to avoid any possible fungal or bacterial transfer.

Regular dusting of the leaves can also maintain its glossy visual appeal. Remember, your plant cuts need time to heal, so avoid over-pruning and limit yourself to a reasonable amount of pruning per session.

Additionally, proper cleaning and rotation of your plant can enhance overall growth and vitality.

Support Structures

The Black Gold Philodendron Melanochrysum often requires support to grow properly and reach its full potential. As an epiphytic plant in its natural habitat, it typically uses trees as its support structure.

In your home, you can provide this support using a moss-covered pole, totem, or even a trellis, this will enable the plant to latch on using their aerial roots.

This does not only aids its vertical growth but also helps support larger leaves and overall health. So it’s crucial to provide a strong and robust support structure as the plant grows.

A well-placed support can make this tropical beauty a striking presence in your home.

Houseplants   Philodendrons   Updated: October 30, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
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