Philodendron Royal Queen Species Profile & Care Guide

The Philodendron Royal Queen is a captivating indoor plant renowned for its magnificent foliage and easy-to-care nature.

As a part of the Araceae family, this stunning tropical plant adds a splash of royal beauty to any space, being a favorite among both novice and seasoned plant enthusiasts.

Philodendron Royal Queen

Profile Overview

The Philodendron Royal Queen is a captivating houseplant with its unparalleled beauty.

  • Common Name: Philodendron Royal Queen
  • Scientific Name: Philodendron bipinnatifidum
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin/Native Region: South America, particularly in Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay
  • Growth Habit: This species typically sports a bushy growth habit. They can climb or trail and are known to reach a considerable height if provided with a totem or some form of support. The lushness of this plant can be controlled with regular pruning and maintenance.


The Philodendron Royal Queen is a captivating houseplant known for its deep, cascade of lush green foliage.

The star of its show is undoubtedly its leaves which are large, dark green, glossy, and heart-shaped, providing a dramatic touch to any indoor environment.

This plant is a fast-growing vine and it can either climb or trail, depending on its environment and care.

While young, the leaf surface may appear semi-glossy, but as the plant matures, its distinctive glossy leaves become more pronounced, adding an extra touch of regal beauty to its overall aesthetic.

Leaf Size

The Philodendron Royal Queen is admired for its strikingly large leaves. They have been known to develop up to 2-3 feet in length under optimal growing conditions.

This significant aspect of its appearance contributes greatly to the plant’s impressive visual impact. Bear in mind, however, that younger plants might not immediately showcase this colossal leaf size, as it is a characteristic that often manifests as the plant matures.

Nevertheless, even relatively juvenile Philodendron Royal Queen plants will generally exhibit healthy, noticeable growth. Be patient and provide the right care; your reward will be an awe-inspiring spectacle of large, vibrant foliage.

Leaf Shape

The Philodendron Royal Queen has heart-shaped leaves that are characteristic of the Philodendron genus. Yet, the Royal Queen distinguishes itself with the unique feature of pointed tips at the end of each leaf.

This distinctive shape is further emphasized when the leaf reaches its mature size.

The way the leaves droop down at the edges, combined with the pointed tips, gives a luxurious, regal charm to the plant, justifying its “royal queen” moniker.

Thus, when caring for this plant, it’s important to let it grow in an area where its beautifully shaped leaves can have plenty of space to spread out.

Leaf Color

The Philodendron Royal Queen boasts stunning leaf colors that make it an appealing houseplant. The young leaves unfurl in a deep, glossy burgundy color that gradually matures into a vibrant, lush green with a hint of red hidden underneath.

This unique blend of colors provides a dramatic visual contrast, adding a touch of tropical elegance to your indoor settings.

The intense coloration of the Philodendron Royal Queen leaves remains consistent if the plant receives the right amount of light, affirming its distinction amongst other indoor plant species.

Indeed, its leaf color is an eyeful spectacle not to be missed.

Stem Characteristics

The stem of the Philodendron Royal Queen is a key feature of this beautiful plant and contributes significantly to its unique overall appeal.

Typically, the stems are sturdy and supportive, acting as strong pillars upon which large, glossy leaves unfurl. The stems exhibit a mottled pattern of various hues of green, which further enhance the plant’s aesthetic appeal.

They are generally long and have a crawling growth habit, enabling the plant to spread across a wider area. It becomes essential to provide a moss pole or any form of support structure to assist the Philodendron Royal Queen’s spread and maintain its vigor.

Mature Size

The mature size of Philodendron Royal Queen can vary depending on the environmental conditions it is grown in. Overall, this tropical plant can reach heights up to 3 to 4 feet indoors and 10+ feet outdoors.

The width can be up to 2 feet wide indoors and even wider outdoors. Keep in mind that the growth and ultimate size of this plant is mainly influenced by room space, pot size, and care provided.

Given that this philodendron variety is a climber, it often appreciates some kind of support, such a moss pole, to help it achieve its full potential.

Care Requirements

Proper care for your Philodendron Royal Queen ensures healthy growth and longevity of the plant. As a tropical, indoor plant, it has some specific needs to truly thrive.

These include optimum light conditions, watering frequency, humidity preferences, suitable temperature range, and soil type with preferred pH levels.

Understanding these requirements will help you provide the most favorable environment for your Philodendron Royal Queen.

Each significant element is categorized subsection: Light Needs, Watering Frequency, Humidity Preferences, Temperature Range, and Soil Type & pH Preferences, and discussed thoroughly in the sections that follow.

This is the crucial part of our ‘Philodendron Royal Queen Species Profile & Care Guide’.

Light Needs

Your Philodendron Royal Queen will thrive well under low to medium light conditions, making it a good choice for indoor gardening.

It is versatile and can tolerate a range of light environments, but its optimal growth will be observed in bright, indirect sunlight.

Direct, intense sunlight can damage the foliage leaving sunburnt spots, so always ensure a light curtain shields it from harsh midday rays.

If the leaves become pale or yellow, it may indicate an excess of light while small, dark green leaves might suggest it’s not getting enough light. In such situations, adjust the amount of light exposure accordingly.

Watering Frequency

When it comes to watering your Philodendron Royal Queen, maintaining the perfect balance is critical. This plant enjoys moist soil but does not do well when waterlogged.

Typically, watering every 7-10 days is sufficient, but monitor the top few inches of soil. If it feels dry, it’s time for watering.

During warmer, active growth periods, your plant may need more frequent watering compared to colder months when the growth slows down.

As a rule of thumb, it is always better to under-water than over-water, since overwatering can lead to root rot. Always use well-draining soil to ensure excess water can easily escape.

Humidity Preferences

As a tropical plant, your Philodendron Royal Queen prefers high humidity levels. This species thrives in moist environments, and it’s often happiest when the relative humidity is around 60-80%.

However, it can still survive and grow in lower humidity environments, as long as it’s well watered. To increase humidity, consider placing a tray of water near the plant, mist the leaves regularly, or relocate the plant to a naturally humid room, like a bathroom.

A digital hygrometer can be useful to monitor humidity levels. Remember, adequately meeting its humidity preferences is key to maintaining a healthy and thriving Philodendron Royal Queen plant.

Temperature Range

The Philodendron Royal Queen has a specific comfort zone when it comes to temperature. This tropical plant prefers warmth and does best in environments where the temperature ranges from 60°F to 85°F (15°C – 29°C).

While it can tolerate a slight drop during the cooler months or nights, bear in mind that prolonged exposure to temperatures below 55°F (13°C) can cause damage and hinder its growth.

Remember, too low or too high temperatures can lead to leaf drop, slowed growth and even death in severe cases. Hence, maintain a consistent, moderate temperature round the year to keep your Royal Queen healthy and thriving.

Soil Type & pH Preferences

The Philodendron Royal Queen prefers a well-draining, peat-based potting mix. It’s tolerant of a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, clay, and chalky soils, as long as they are well-drained.

The pH preference for this plant is between 6.0 and 7.5, meaning it favors slightly acidic to neutral soil. Routine soil testing can help maintain an optimal pH level to promote healthy growth and prevent nutrient deficiencies.

Too much acidity or alkalinity may cause leaf yellowing and stunted growth, so monitoring and adjustments are necessary.

Growth & Propagation

When it comes to growth and propagation, the Philodendron Royal Queen is notable for its moderately fast growth rate.

The plant shows an active phase of growth during warmer seasons when the temperature and light conditions are ideal.

Propagation techniques for these plants most commonly involve the division of mature plants or the rooting of stem cuttings.

The Royal Queen Philodendron also preferably needs to be repotted every one to two years for optimal growth. It’s essential to understand the plant’s requirements for successful propagation and to promote healthy growth.

Growth Rate

The Philodendron Royal Queen tends to grow at a moderate pace under optimal conditions. However, it’s rate of growth can vary depending on the environment.

It thrives best under good lighting, the right humidity level, and when it’s fed well. Keep in mind that optimal growth is only achievable with excellent care.

In the right environment and given the right conditions, this plant can achieve significant size, making it a spectacular ornamental centerpiece.

As with any plant, regular observation to track its growth progress is crucial as it helps to make necessary care adjustments promptly.

Propagation Methods

Propagation of the Philodendron Royal Queen can be achieved through stem cuttings. Choose a robust, healthy stem and cut just below a node or leaf joint. Ideally, the cutting should have two to three leaves.

Root the cutting in water until roots develop, which may take several weeks. Replace the water regularly to prevent bacteria and fungus.

Once the new roots are about an inch long, you can transplant the cutting into a pot with well-draining soil. Thus, with patience and care, you can propagate your Philodendron Royal Queen and increase your green family.

Season of Active Growth

The Philodendron Royal Queen is a tropical plant that predominately grows in the warmer months. Its active growth period typically starts in early spring and lasts until late summer.

However, as indoor plants, they can continue to grow year-round with proper care. During this time, you’ll notice an increase in leaf production and overall size.

It’s crucial to increase watering, maintain optimal temperature, and provide adequate light during these months.

Meanwhile, growth slows or even stops in cooler months, signalling you to adjust care accordingly. It’s during this active growth season that propagation is most successful.

Potting and Repotting Recommendations

Repotting your Philodendron Royal Queen should be done every two or three years, or when the plant outgrows its pot. This process usually happens in spring before the growing season begins.

Always choose a pot that is one size larger than the current one. Look for a pot with drainage holes to prevent water logging.

During repotting, gently remove the plant from the old pot, shake off excess soil from the roots, and place the plant in the new pot filled with a philodendron-friendly potting mix.

Make sure the plant is potted at the same depth as it was previously.

Potential Issues

Despite their resilient nature, Philodendron Royal Queen plants may encounter a few challenges in their lifetime. These obstacles could include common pests and diseases, or other sensitivities that affect the plant’s health or growth.

Understanding these potential problems and how to tackle them will make your plant care journey smoother and more fulfilling.

In this section, we will look into the common pests that may infest your Philodendron Royal Queen, the diseases it’s prone to, and any other sensitivities it might have. We will also discuss the prevention and treatment for these issues.

Common Pests

The Philodendron Royal Queen can be vulnerable to common pests that afflict houseplants, such as thrips, spider mites, mealybugs and aphids.

All these pests feed on the plant’s sap, weakening it and possibly leading to yellowed leaves and slow growth. Regular inspections can help you identify infestations early, before they become severe.

To control these pests, you can use insecticidal soaps or neem oil sprays. Always isolate an infested plant from other houseplants to prevent the pests from spreading.

Proper hygiene and maintenance, along with the right environmental conditions, can prevent these pests from becoming a major issue.

Common Diseases

The Philodendron Royal Queen, despite being a robust plant, can suffer from a few diseases. Overwatering, poor drainage, or contaminated pots can lead to fungal diseases such as root rot or leaf spot.

Root rot is often recognized by a foul smell and mushy, discolored roots, while leaf spot will present as brown spots on the leaves. Exposing your Philodendron to excessive direct sunlight can cause sunburn, resulting in brown patches on the leaves.

A weak or undernourished plant can also be susceptible to bacterial diseases leading to wilting or yellowing leaves. Thankfully, with proper care, these diseases can be easily prevented or treated.

Other Sensitivities

Philodendron Royal Queen is a sturdy plant but experiences certain sensitivities that you should be aware of.

Overexposure to direct sunlight can cause the leaves to burn, resulting in a browning or yellowing discoloration.

This plant is also sensitive to over or under-watering, which can cause the roots to rot or the leaves to wilt.

Additionally, keep in mind their sensitivity to cold temperatures. A quick drop below their preferred temperature range can harm the plant.

It’s important to maintain their ideal care conditions to avoid these issues and keep your Philodendron Royal Queen healthy and thriving.

Special Features & Uses

The Philodendron Royal Queen is not only revered for its striking aesthetics, but it also carries notable utility values which contribute to its popularity.

In this part of the article, we will explore the special features and uses of the Philodendron Royal Queen.

From its unique set of characteristics that distinguishes it from other houseplants, to its decorative use and potential toxicity; understanding these elements can enable you to appreciate the plant on a deeper level and ensure its successful cultivation.

Unique Characteristics

The Philodendron Royal Queen proudly boasts a captivating range of unique characteristics that makes it stand out among other houseplants.

It offers large, lush, heart-shaped leaves that exude a deep, burgundy color when mature. In young stages, the leaves exhibit a lighter green hue, adding a charismatic contrast to your indoor plant collection.

Notably, these plants possess a robust, vine-like growth pattern, which is visually striking when accompanied by dense foliage.

Their flexibility in light requirements and resilience to pollution also make the Royal Queen a preferred choice for both indoor and outdoor decorative purposes.

Decorative Use

The Philodendron Royal Queen is a first choice for indoor plant enthusiasts, largely due to its striking appearance and easy care requirements.

Its large, vibrant leaves bring a dramatic touch to any indoor space, making it suitable for modern and traditional decors alike.

The plant can be used to elevate an office space, a living room corner, or even as a centerpiece on a dining table. Its lush growth is undeniably attractive and it pairs well with other plant species, too.

Remember, regardless of where you decide to display your Philodendron Royal Queen, ensure it receives adequate light and care for optimal growth.


The Philodendron Royal Queen, like many houseplants in the Philodendron family, contains calcium oxalate crystals. If ingested, these crystals can cause discomfort, inflammation and swelling in the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract.

It is essential to keep the Philodendron Royal Queen away from children and pets who might be tempted to chew on its eye-catching leaves.

If you have sensitive skin, you might want to use gloves when handling the plant to avoid potential skin irritation. In cases of ingestion or significant skin exposure, seek medical or veterinary help immediately.

Additional Tips & Tricks

When caring for your Philodendron Royal Queen, there are few additional pointers to keep in mind that can guide your horticulture journey with this majestic plant.

These tips and tricks range from fertilization recommendations to pruning and maintenance, and even support structures. Just like any other living being, this plant species also appreciates a few extra touches and care to thrive optimally.

This section will provide advice and insights to help you master the art of taking care of the Philodendron Royal Queen, making your gardening experience more enriching and enjoyable. So, let’s take a look at what these tips are.

Fertilization Recommendations

For optimal health and growth of your Philodendron Royal Queen, using a good quality fertilizer is essential. This plant prefers a balanced fertilizer, such as a 20-20-20 formula, applied at half the recommended strength.

It is best to fertilize monthly during the active growth season, typically in spring and summer. Avoid fertilizing in the dormant winter months to prevent excess salt buildup in the soil.

Always water the plant before and after applying the fertilizer to prevent root burn. If your Philodendron Royal Queen shows signs of yellowing leaves or slow growth, it might need a nutrient boost so increase your fertilization frequency accordingly.

Pruning & Maintenance

Pruning and maintenance are essential for a healthy and attractive Philodendron Royal Queen. Regular removal of yellow or brown leaves allows the plant to direct its energy towards new growth.

To prune, use clean, sharp scissors and make cuts near the main stem. However, avoid over-pruning as it can harm the plant.

Regular dusting of leaves can make your plant shine and helps it to absorb more light. However, repot when necessary.

The appropriate time for repotting is usually when the roots become too congested. Regular maintenance of your Philodendron Royal Queen ensures it stays vigorous and beautiful.

Support Structures

When it comes to your Philodendron Royal Queen, remember that in its native habitat, this is a climbing plant. It will greatly benefit from a support structure in its pot.

This can be a moss pole, trellis, or another type of stake. As your plant grows, attach the stems to the support, promoting vertical growth. This helps in creating a fuller and healthier looking plant.

Providing support structures will not only enhance the growth of your Philodendron Royal Queen but will also give it a more natural appearance, adding aesthetic value to your indoor or outdoor space.

Houseplants   Philodendrons   Updated: November 11, 2023
avatar Hi, I'm Amy, a devoted horticulturist and the creator of, where I use my expertise to help beginners foster their green thumbs. My blog is a vibrant community where I unravel the complexities of gardening and share my profound love for nature.
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